European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS)
The European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) is a tool that helps to design, describe, and deliver study programmes and award higher education qualifications. The use of ECTS, in conjunction with outcomes-based qualifications frameworks, makes study programmes and qualifications more transparent and facilitates the recognition of qualifications.
By making higher education comparable across Europe, ECTS makes teaching and learning in higher education more transparent and facilitates the recognition of all studies. It aids curriculum design and quality assurance and allows for the transfer of learning experiences between different institutions, greater student mobility and more flexible routes to gain degrees.
The table below shows the indicative correlation of the national grading scale to the ECTS grading scale:
|Pass/Fail||National Grade||Definition||Knowledge percentage||ECTS Grades|
|Pass||9||Very good||86 – 95||B|
|Pass||8||Good||76 – 85||B or C|
|Pass||7||Highly satisfactory||66 – 75||C or D|
|Pass||6||Satisfactory||56 – 65||D|
|Pass||5||Sufficient||50 – 55||E|
|Fail||4||Insufficient||40 – 49||F/FX|
|Fail||3||Highly insufficient||30 – 39||F/FX|
|Fail||2||Poor||20 – 29||F/FX|
|Fail||1||Very poor||0 – 19||F/FX|
More information about ECTS: http://ec.europa.eu/education/tools/ects_en.htm